La mort de François-Mario Bachand

François-Mario Bachand était un membre du FLQ, lorsqu'il fut assassiné, en mars 1971, alors qu'il était à Paris.  Les circonstances de sa mort ne sont pas très claires.   Certains prétendent qu'il aurait été victime d'un complot de la part d'autres felquistes, tandis que d'autres prétendent que ce fut plutôt les services secrets, notamment de la GRC, qu'ils l'auraient tués.

Voici un livre consacré à ce mystère :

MCLOUGHLIN, Michael, Last stop, Paris : the assassination of Mario Bachand and the death of the FLQ, Toronto, Éditions Viking, 1998.

Voici deux textes trouvé sur ce sujet sur internet.


Solving a mystery

The unsolved murder of FLQ member François Mario Bachand in Paris, in March 1971, is a mystery that intrigued Michael McLoughlin enough to find out more on the subject. His research was the topic of his « Savoir Faire » presentation at the National Library on June 17.

By 1969, FLQ (Front de libération du Québec) activities in Quebec had reached a dangerous phase; a bomb placed in the Montreal Stock Exchange in February led to the arrest of FLQ member Pierre-Paul Geoffroy, while Bachand and Raymond Villeneuve fled respectively to Cuba and Algeria (where FLQ cells were established) and, by the summer of 1969, to France. In 1970 and 1971, Bachand travelled to Cuba and Algiers, returning to France in February 1971 where he stayed with a friend, Pierre Barral. It was in Barral's home that Bachand was murdered after the mysterious visit of a Québécois couple.

Michael McLoughlin discussed the difficulties of working with heavily censored records, texts that deliberately provided false or no information, and the many aspects of the affair about which no documentation exists. To overcome these problems, he used various techniques, such as creating a chronology to show the gaps in the information he possessed, and juxtaposing different texts about the same event, which enabled him to identify differences. He also conducted interviews in France.

Michael McLoughlin made use of unpublished records in the holdings of the National Archives of Canada, together with published sources such as newspapers in the collection of the National Library of Canada. Those who attended the Savoir Faire session, and other people, who wish to know Michael McLoughlin's solution to the mystery will have to wait for the publication of his research.

The National Library of Canada

Book suggests RCMP killed FLQ member

TORONTO (CP) A book to be published in November will put forward yet another theory on the death of an exiled Quebec terrorist found with two bullets holes in the neck in Paris 27 years ago.

Last year, a Quebec television show suggested Mario Bachand was done in by a fellow member of the Front de liberation du Quebec. And Endgame in Paris by Toronto writer Ian Adams in 1979 entertained the hypothesis that Bachand was killed by Canadian military intelligence. Now a book by Ottawa freelance writer Michael McLoughlin suggests it may have been the RCMP.

Canadians will have to wait until November for details of Last Stop, Paris; The Assassination of Francois Mario Bachand and the Death of the FLQ. No advance galleys or information about the book are being released on the advice of lawyers, says Scott Sellers, a spokesman for Penguin Books.

Penguin fears there will be attempts to stop distribution of the book, the product of five years of work by McLoughlin. It has already been optioned by Alliance Atlantis Communications Inc. for a television movie. The book is listed in Penguin's fall catalogue and McLoughlin's agent, Denise Bukowski, has also circulated a description of the contents.

At the time of Bachand's death, he seemed to have become estranged from the FLQ, the revolutionary group that kidnapped British trade commissioner James Cross in Montreal and later kidnapped and murdered Quebec's labour minister, Pierre Laporte. Bachand, 27, was found dead in an apartment in the low-income Paris suburb of Saint-Ouen, with two .22-calibre bullet wounds in his neck.

But according to the description circulated by McLoughlin's agent, the author claims to have found a document in the National Archives of Canada that sheds new light on the circumstances of Bachand's death. He was just a researcher who tripped over this story, said Bukowski by phone.

He moved into his parents house and lived on a $15,000 Canada Council grant for years while working on this book.  McLoughlin's book purports to trace the movements of the FLQ and the Canadian Security Service in the 1970s and to reveal their interactions with agents of the CIA, M15 and the French intelligence service.

According to Bukowski's promotional material, the trail leads to the RCMP and the highest echelons of government. McLoughlin could not be reached for comment.

An RCMP spokesman in Ottawa said he had not heard of Last Stop, Paris.


L'indépendance du Québec